[Bài nghiên cứu] South China Sea Lawfare : Post Arbitration Policy Options and Future Prospects

Trung tâm Nghiên cứu Quốc tế (SCIS) giới thiệu bài nghiên cứu của nhóm học giả quốc tế về Chiến tranh pháp lý Biển Đông : Những lựa chọn chính sách sau phán quyết của Tòa trọng tài và dự đoán về tương lai. Ấn phẩm được xuất bản bởi Viện chính sách Đài Loan và Trung tâm Nghiên cứu An ninh Đài Loan vào tháng 4/2017. Ấn phẩm bao gồm chương sách của TS Trương Minh Huy Vũ và TS Nguyễn Thành Trung.

 

 

Abstract

The arbitration case and the Tribunal’s conclusions as outlined in the Award have major legal, diplomatic, and security implications for rival claimants and major stakeholders in the South China Sea. As a result, states and other actors must consider their relevant policy options and proceed accordingly. This chapter begins by providing a condensed historical overview of the arbitral proceedings, which are summarized by dividing the timeline into the pre-arbitration context, the Philippines’ initiation and China’s response, the Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility of October 2015, and the Award of July 2016 on the merits and remaining issues in the arbitration case. It then considers the implications of the Award and the related common policy options available to multiple claimants and stakeholders. Legally, these implications and policy options relate to the status of features, sovereignty issues, maritime rights and entitlements, and obligations in maritime spaces. Diplomatically, they involve recalibrating diplomatic relations and preferences regarding the means of dispute settlement. In terms of security, they include legal justifcation for military operations, emboldened securitization efforts, and opportunities for confdence-building and cooperation. In considering these issues, the chapter aims not to provide an exhaustive account of all relevant implications and policy options but to serve as a foundation for the chapters that follow as well as future research and policy discussions on the South China Sea maritime territorial disputes.

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