[Kỷ yếu Hội thảo] ASEAN centrality in the multilateral regional architecture of East Asia”

Trung tâm SCIS giới thiệu bài viết của TS. Trương Minh Huy Vũ (giám đốc SCIS) thảo luận về vai trò của Hiệp hội ASEAN trong việc quản lý tranh chấp tại biển Đông. Bài viết được đăng trong kỷ yếu Hội thảo Quốc tế “ASEAN centrality in the multilateral regional architecture of East Asia” do Hiệp hội Nghiên cứu Đông Nam Á tại Hàn Quốc (KASEAS) và Mạng lưới các trường đại học Đông Nam Á (ASEAN University Network) đồng tổ chức vào tháng 8/2016.

 

 

 

Tóm tắt bài viết

(bản tiếng Anh)


After 1945, the Asian regional order has been characterized as a “hub and spoke” order – a U.S-led system of bilateral security relations with her Asian allies. Since 2009 there has been a gradual development of this hegemonic order into a “networked alliance,” an interconnected, quasi-multilateral security network. There are three distinctive features that constitute the networked alliance. First, the security network includes bilateral military ties among the U.S. traditional allies (Japan, South Korea, Australia, Thailand, and the Philippines), between these allies and other South East Asian countries. Second, unlike NATO, the networked alliance primarily relies on informal dyadic interactions rather than multilateral institutions as dispute resolution mechanisms. Third, the networked alliance creates an incentive structure for further collectivization of regional security provided by the U.S. under the old hub and spoke system. We argue that the South China Sea (SCS) is an interesting case of networked alliance for state actors. In this study, we investigate ASEAN’s role in the emerging networked alliance. From a multilateral perspective, ASEAN’s role as “a manager of regional order” is an important cog in an extensive network of US-friendly and allies in the region. The ASEAN-led multilateralism creates an incentive structure for further collectivization of regional security provided by the U.S. under the old hub-and-spoke system. However, in the case of SCS disputes, the main challenge for ASEAN to become a harmonized group successfully employing institutionalization is its internal division. This division signifies a major problem facing ASEAN as a single bloc in reacting unanimously vis-à-vis China in SCS territorial disputes.

 

Trung tâm Nghiên cứu Quốc tế (SCIS)

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