[Kỷ yếu hội thảo] Robots and industrialization in developing countries

Trung tâm Nghiên cứu quốc tế (SCIS) giới thiệu bản báo cáo tóm tắt của TS. Joerg Mayer (Chuyên gia về Kinh tế, Hội nghị Liên hợp quốc về thương mại và phát triển UNCTAD) về Rô-bốt và Công nghiệp hóa tại các nước đang phát triển. Bản báo cáo được đăng trong kỷ yếu Tọa đàm "Tăng trưởng không tạo việc làm hay việc làm 4.0 : Tương lai nghề nghiệp trong các ngành sản xuất giá rẻ" do SCIS phối hợp với Viện Friedrich Ebert (FES) tổ chức vào ngày 10-11/5/2017 tại Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh. 

 


 

Industrialization has historically been synonymous with development, whiledeindustrialization is a well-established trend in mature developed economies as theymove towards services-based economies. Yet recent trends show that many developing countries – especially in Africa and Latin America – have witnessed their shares of manufacturing employment and output shrinking long before they have attained income levels comparable to those in the developed world. Such premature deindustrialization began during the adjustment programmes in the 1980s and 1990s, yet has continued, as commodity booms and speculative financial inflows have led to currency appreciation and a loss of manufacturing competitiveness, compounded by the rise of China’s manufacturing exports. The current question is therefore: now that the commodity bonanza is over, capital flows are reversing and China is turning towards a more balanced growth path driven more by domestic demand than exports, how can Africa and Latin America reignite industrialization Whatever the chosen strategy, it will have to account for the rapidly increasing spread of new automation technologies and artificial intelligence in the form of robots.

 

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